We all commit acts of disobedience
Day and night, with our limbs
We go against purpose of existence.
We use the limbs with which wefve been blessed to sin against Allah
We trivialize these things and donft care
Anas ibn Malik says to the Tabioon (best generation after sahabah) You do
deeds in front of me that you consider less consequential than your hair (in
essence of no great value) yet if we were to do these same acts during time of
Prophet (saws) we would consider them to be amongst the gravest sins that
› Imagine our situation to them
Hadith: Small sins are like twigs. Twig by itself canft cause a fire, but when
gathered together they can form a fierce fire.
Hadith: Those sins that you trivialize. If Allah calls you to account for them these
sins will destroy you.
Not the major sins, these are just the minor ones that we dont even think about.
Ibn Masud: The Believer sees his sins as if he´s sitting beneath huge mountain
and he´s scared this mountain will fall upon him. Evil person sees sins as flies
that fly by his face. He hits them with his hand and they fly away.
The one who has iman, even if the sins are small they seem like mountains to
Why? Because you donft see the sin, but you look at the One whom you have
We have it ingrained in us to sin. This is a problem. What is the solution?
Hadith [tirmidih]: Every single son of Adam is a sinner
We aren´t angels, wefre human beings. They cannot disobey Allah, whereas men
have been given free will and desire. Its important to know that since we should
recognize and know that we aren´t supposed to be perfect, and that we cannot
Hadith: the best of sinners (not all sinners are equivalent; we must aim for
this) are those who perform taubah (repentance).
This is the way out, the solution. Our light at the end of the tunnel. This is what
will save us (our repentance because of these sins).
Therefore it is not only optional it is in fact obligatory (waajib).
Quran: And repent to Allah all of you Oh believers if you really desire success
Quran: Oh you who believe (!) perform taubah to Allah, a sincere taubah.
Taubah sincerely is the emphasis here (it can be both). Allah wants us amongst
those who do it sincerely.
Unanimous consensus (ex. Imam Nawawi) that Taubah is duty on, not only on
muslim, but on every person (obligatory)
Therefore even the greatest Prophets sought Allahfs taubah all the time.
When Adam sinned, he learned phrases from his Lord, stating that we
are the ones that wrong ourselves. We are the only ones harmed by these
deeds. If you dont have mercy on us and shower your blessings on us we
will be amongst the losers. Allah then accepted his repentance.
Nuh: Cries out on top of ship, Oh Allah if you don´t have mercy on my then
I will be amongst the losers
Ibrahim: While building Kabbah they make dua, Oh Allah make us those
who submit ourselves to you. Make our progeny of those that submit
themselves to you. Show us our rights of worship and accept our
Musa: Who Allah spoke to. Allah says When Musa awoke from the coma he
was put in, I have repented to you and I am of the first of those who
submit themselves to You
Prophet (pbuh): Allah says in Quran that Allah will forgive all of your sins,
those that you have done and those that you will do. He says I swear by
Allah of asurity I ask of Allah´s forgiveness and repent every single day
more than 100 times. Do we even repent this much in a year? If this is his
case where do we stand in comparison to him?
Allah´s mercy is vast
Who is there that can forgive sins except for Allah?
Hadith: When Allah created the creation he wrote that apply
to Him, My Mercy shall overcome My anger
Hadith: Allah stretches forth his hand at night so that the one who sins in the day
can repent at night, and [vice versa]. And He does this every day until the sun
rises from the Wes
Forgiveness is there, but we must stretch out our hands and ask. So great and
vast is the mercy of Allah.
Hadith: if the Kafir realized what Allah has of His Mercy, even he would not give
up hope of entering Jannah.
The one who doesn´t have any hope is a NOBODY
Hadith: When Satan was told to leave jannah, he swore to Allah. By your honor
oh my lord I will continue to try to misguide your servants as long as their souls
remain in their bodies.
Iblees acknowledges Allah as his lord he just rejects to worship him
His kufr is arrogance (Note - Being arrogant for not praying will bring you to hell)
Hadith: Allah responds, By My honor and glory I will continue to forgive
them as long as they ask My forgiveness.
Allah asks in the Quran to repent Why do they not perform taubah?
....and surely evil is the price for which they sell their souls, if they but knew.(2:101)
If they but knew that Allah would forgive them! But they chose to the evil path.
Quran: If they repent it will be for their own good.
Quran: Allah wishes to accept your repentance.
Twice in one ayah.
Emphasizing that he wishes and wants to forgive us if we ask for his
Allah loves those who repent
The one who repents must have done the sin in the first place, as taubah
must come after the sin.
This person has shown that he is only a mortal and cannot become sinless and
has done something that he shouldn´t do.
Only Allah has the right make the rules and the sinner has disobeyed this.
Hadith: Person who lost camel in desert.
Quran: Allahs rahma has encompassed everything. My Rahmah encompasses
every single object.
To accuse Allah of not being able to forgive sins, to believe they are too sinful to
be forgiven, is one of the greatest types of kufr and shirk since you´re limiting
the mercy of Allah.
One of the greatest sins is to give up hope in the mercy of Allah.
Hadith: The greatest of all sins is:
1. Do shirk with Allah
2. Feel safe from plotting of Allah
3. Give up hope of the mercy of Allah
4. Believe help of Allah will not arrive
These four things are the greatest of all major sins
To think Allah can´t forgive you is a far greater sin than all the sins you´ve
committed combined because you have limited the unlimited. You have put a
level on the infinite mercy of Allah.
Ibrahim: Who is there that can despair from the mercy of Allah except those who
are misguided (Quran).
How can the muslim accuse Allah of not being able to forgive him?
Say: O my Servants who have transgressed against their souls! Despair
not of the Mercy of Allah: for Allah forgives all sins: for He is Oft-
Forgiving, Most Merciful.h [Surah al-Zumar: 53]
The sin of shirk is unforgivable only if the person dies on shirk. Taubah is so
powerful that even shirk is forgiven through taubah. By accepting islam (which is
a kind of taubah) then his shirk is negated.
Which is why the verse is addressing the muslims.
Hadith: Abu Hurayrah(r) reports from the Prophet (pbuh):
By Him in Whose Hand is my life, if you were not to commit sin, Allah would
sweep you out of existence and He would replace (you by) those people who
would commit sin and seek forgiveness from Allah, and He would have pardoned
› Allah desires to forgive.
Hadith: The Prophet (SAW) said, eIndeed Allah SWT is Shy and Beneficent. He is
Shy when His servant raises his hands to Him (in dua) to return them emptyf
(Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi).
What happens when we repent
1. The sin is removed completely. It no longer exists.
Hadith: The one who repents from his sin is just like the one
who does not have any sin.
How different is this from us when we gforgive but donft
2. The taubah replaces that sin with a good deed.
Hadith: Indeed a group of people will come on the Day of
Judgment they will hope they had performed more evil. They
are those people who Allah exchanged their evil for good.
These are those who performed taubah; not everyone.
3. Allah blesses him in this world
Quran: "Saying `Ask forgiveness from your Lord; for He is
Oft-Forgiving; (10) "`He will send rain to you in abundance;
(11) "`Give you increase in wealth and sons; and bestow on
you Gardens and bestow on you rivers (of flowing water).
(12) [Surah Nuh (71)]
4. It is a path to Jannah
Conditions of Taubah (Repentance)
1. Iklas; repent for the sake of Allah. Not because youfve been caught
doing this but only for the sake of Allah.
2. We recognize and admit that we have sinned. Donft try to justify it
and make excuses of your actions.
3. This recognition should bring about a feeling of guilt
Hadith: Feeling guilty is taubah.
4. Immediately repent to Allah after the sin.
5. Intend to stop the sin. To not do so means that it is not a true
sincere taubah. It is almost like a play or a mockery.
6. This taubah will lead us to do more good deeds by coming closer to